Understanding normal Weight values
Part of a heart disease prevention program is attaining and maintaining an appropriate weight. But before you can imagine what you may have to do to accomplish this task you must first understand normal weight values and how they fit into your diet plan.
Obesity is an ever-growing problem in the world today. With increasing amounts of processed and manufactured foods as well as technology becoming more accessible in the home, people are eating higher fat choices and becoming more sedentary.
Unfortunately obesity isn’t just a problem of vanity but it also affects your health and longevity. Obesity raises the risk of illness to high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, arthritis, sleep disturbances, breathing issues and premature death. If you understand your normal weight values and how those are important to your health you have a better chance of reaching your goals.
Obesity is a result of complex social and psychological factors. Beginning solid eating habits in your childhood will often translate to a healthy adult who has successful efforts at maintaining normal weight. In previous years weight charts were developed for people to map out their normal weight values depending upon whether they have a light, medium or heavy frame. This left too much to chance. There was too much subjectivity and the ranges of normal were very small. Today to understand normal weight values you must have a grasp of Body Mass Index or BMI.
The Body Mass Index (BMI) is a number that is calculated from a persons weight and height and provides a very reliable indicator of how much fat a person is carrying. This is the most common way of screening for weight categories that can lead to heart and health problems.
Calculating your BMI is different for adults and teenagers. It can be done using a calculator online or manually. You must first know your weight in pounds and your height in inches. If you are 5’4” and weigh 150 pounds you calculate your BMI using this formula:
height of 5’4” = 64 inches; 64 inches squared = 4,096
150 divided by 4096 = 0.0362 multiply by 705 = 25.8 (rounded up to
26) Your BMI is 26.
To understand normal weight values you must know the BMI chart. Basically anyone with a BMI less than 18.5 is underweight; normal weight is a BMI between 18.5 and 24.9; any BMI over 25 is considered overweight.
To further understand how the BMI is used to calculate obesity and health risks:
A BMI of 30 or more qualifies as obese
A BMI of 40 indicates that a person is morbidly obese
Those who have a waist size of more than 40 inches for men and 35 for women have a higher risk for obesity related health problems such as diabetes, high blood pressure and heart disease.
To understand normal weight values you should also have a good understanding of what good nutrition and a healthy lifestyle looks like. Good body image and an appreciation of your health rounds out understanding normal weight values.
US Food and Drug Administration: how to Understand and Use the Nutrition Facts Labels
Science: Information about Energy Balanc
Center for Disease Control and Prevention: healthy Weight – It’s not a diet, it’s a lifestyle
American heart Association: What Your Cholesterol Levels Mean
University of New Mexico: Getting a Grip on Body Composition
Colorado State University: Understanding the Food Label
NHS: What’s Your BMI?
University of Washington Women’s Health: Undertanding Diabetes
BCBS Nebraska: Managing Cholesterol