What are the health risks of being an Egg Donor?

Are there any health risks? Infertility? Internal Bleeding? Are there regular check ups?
please answer seriously.

4 comments

  • The biggest health risk of becoming an egg donor is ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

    Egg donation requires the use of fertility medication for the purposes of "controlled ovarian hyperstimulation" — in other words, the use of drugs to stimulate your ovaries to mature multiple follicles/eggs, rather than the typical single egg that would be released in your average non-medicated cycle. Any woman undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation — whether she is an egg donor or preparing for an IVF cycle — has a risk of OHSS. Mild hyperstimulation is not unusual and often experienced during the cycle, whereas the symptoms of more severe OHSS may not be felt until after the cycle is over. With mild OHSS you may experience some weight gain, bloating, nausea and diarrhea; your ovaries will be larger than usual and the levels of estrogen and progesterone are much higher than they would normally be. There’s really no issue here, you abstain from sex, drink a lot of gatorade, and take it easy. With moderate OHSS the symptoms are, of course, more severe — excessive weight gain (>2 lbs a day), reduced urinary output and darker urine, thirst, vomiting and diarrhea. With severe OHSS you will also experience difficulty breathing, you may have no urinary output (or your urine will become even darker), and you may have chest pains, pains in your calves, and/or lower abdominal pain. Severe OHSS requires hospitalization; moderate may require a procedure to remove excess fluid from your enlarged ovaries. The need for hospitalization, though uncommon, is not rare.

    All that being said, this happens with only a small percentage of women undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation — generally the figure I see for that is "less than 3 percent". Further, when you’re undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation you are monitored very closely, with frequent ultrasounds and bloodwork (as your follicles near maturation, or of course if there is any concern about OHSS, you will find yourself having ultrasounds and bloodwork (to check hormone levels) daily.

    Other than that, I’d say the "only risks" are those that aren’t at all exclusive to egg donation: the procedure to retrieve the eggs requires the use of some kind of anesthesia*, so there are the usual risks associated with anesthesia, and, I suppose, there’s probably some small chance of having a reaction to one of the fertility drugs (although I’ve never heard of it happening, personally). (*Regarding anesthesia, egg retrieval usually is performed using light sedation aka "twilight sedation," which is administered through an IV; the patient is completely out of it, but breathing on her own.) As far as any risk of internal bleeding, again, there would be the usual risks associated with any kind of invasive procedure — egg retrieval is an ultrasound-guided minor surgical procedure, in which a needle, guided by transvaginal ultrasound, is guided through the vaginal wall so the eggs can be aspirated from the mature follicles. There is always a slight risk that the needle would puncture the surrounding tissue or organs, causing injury, bleeding, or infection. That risk is slight, but it is a risk.

    The risks of being an egg donor are small. And egg donation is greatly appreciated by the many women and couples who are the recipients.

  • zzchop23

    why would u give away ur eggs???

  • pjallittle

    There can be, there’s a lot more to this process than meets the eye, it should only be considered after thoroughly investigating. You might benefit from the following which gives you considerable detail

    http://www.health.state.ny.us/community/reproductive_health/infertility/eggdonor.htm

  • Lauren 101

    well im not quit sure ive never heard of that before but im sure there is a risk theres always a small risk in everything like that

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